Determination of Purity & Quality

Determination of the purity of a drug is an important exercise in the evaluation of drugs. Apparent correct identity does not always guarantee the purity of the drug as...

Phytochemistry of Plants Drugs

Plants have been serving as sources of drugs and pharmaceuticals for man and other animals since time immemorial. There are about half a million of plants now growing on...

Evaluation of Crude Drugs

As evident from the discussion on the occurrence and type of adulteration in crude drugs, qualities of drugs offered for sale in the market cannot always be guaranteed. Thus,...

Deliberate adulteration

It is the most serious illegal act of adulteration and may be called the true type of adulteration. This type of adulteration is done intentionally to defraud and involves...

Adulteration of Crude Drugs

Adulteration is an illegal act of debasing or altering the original quality and properties of an article in order to cheat or defraud others. In a broad sense, any...

Forms of Occurrence of Crude Plant Drugs

Since crude drugs consist of various plant and animal parts and their products, they occur in a variety of morphological forms depending on the nature of their sources. These...