Styrax, Prepared Styrax, Styrax Preparatus, Liquid Storax
Storax is the purified balsam obtained from the wounded trunk of Liquidambar orientalis Mill of the family I-Iammalidaceae.
The plant grows in the forests of Asiatic Turkey, where the drug is collected and prepared.
Macroscopical and microscopical characters:
Storax is a grayish to brownish, semi-transparent viscous liquid or a semi-fluid substance. It usually contains some vegetable debris, including sclerenchymatous fibres. Storax possesses an agreeable, aromatic balsamic odour and a sharp pungent taste. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform and carbon disulphide.
Storax contains resin, cinnamic acid, esters of cinnamic acid, vanillin and styrene.
Storax is a stimulant and antiseptic. Its uses are similar to those of Peru Balsam.